Management of the local forest has evolved significantly  over the years from 1880 to today.

The BC Government, on behalf of the people, has been responsible for forest stewardship since the 1880s, but this century  BC has delegated stewardship to certified tenure holders, and holds them accountable through audit rather than making all decisions with ministry staffs.

A major turnpoint came in 1999 with Weyerhausere's "One Plan" proposal for Stillwater Timberlands which called for

  • results based planning
  • a move from clearcutting to variable retention wikipedia 
  • adoption of CSA Z809-08 CSA .pdf "Sustainable Forest Management" 

In 2003, the government introduced the Forestry Revitalization Plan.  A significant portion of the timber harvesting rights under long-term licences was reallocated to BC Timber Sales, woodlot licences, community forest agreements, and First Nations tenures


2012 from the PR Peak:  "BC introduced a single cutting permit procedure for community forests throughout the province. The pilot for the streamlined permit process occurred in the Powell River Community Forest Ltd. tenure."  from PR Peak story

Notes to be re-written for this website:


There are three main pieces of legislation that govern forest harvesting in British Columbia. Several other acts and regulations affect harvesting to some degree.

1. The Forest Act (FA) and regulations deal primarily with the amount of timber that can be harvested, who can do that harvesting, and the value of the harvested timber.

2. The Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) and regulations deal primarily with the actual harvesting activities, including the necessary planning for roads and cutblocks, silvicultural requirements, and environmental standards that must be met. This Act also sets out penalties for failure to perform according to its standards.

3. The Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act (FPC) and regulations. Although FRPA has largely replaced the FPC, some aspects of the FPC, continue to apply (i.e., those concerning strategic planning and fire control.

The Forest Stewardship Plan The Forest Stewardship Plan (FSP) is the primary harvesting management plan. The FSP has a term of 5 years.

The plan must have maps that show the boundaries of forest development units (FDUs) and must specify results or propose strategies in relation to objectives set by government.

An FDU is an area where development may take place during the term of the plan. Cutblocks and roads are located inside the FDU.

There are 11 objectives set by government, which include:

  • soils,
  • visualquality, 
  • timber, 
  • forage and associated plant communities, 
  • water, 
  • fish, 
  • wildlife, 
  • biodiversity, 
  • recreation resources, 
  • cultural heritage resources, and, 
  • resource features.




Audit - forest practices board

examples 2011 Community Foresty audit (PR, Tla'Amin, Klahoose)t



1 Most of the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act (the Code) was repealed on January 31, 2004, and replaced with the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA). The transitional provisions of FRPA state that the Code continues to apply to forest practices carried out under a forest development plan. This continues until there is an approved forest stewardship plan, at which point, the requirements of FRPA apply. Therefore, although FRPA came into effect prior to the audit period, the legislated forest practices requirements that applied to the auditee were the requirements of the Code

. 2 A forest stewardship plan (FSP) is a key planning element in the FRPA framework and the only plan subject to public review and comment and government approval.  In FSPs licensees are required to identify results and/or strategies consistent with government objectives for values such as water, wildlife and soils.  These results and strategies must be measurable and once approved are subject to government enforcement.  FSPs identify areas within which road construction and harvesting will occur but are not required to show the specific locations of future roads and cutblocks.  FSPs can have a term of up to 5 years

 2003 In 2003, a significant portion of the timber harvesting rights under long-term licences was reallocated to BC Timber Sales, woodlot licences, community forest agreements, and First Nations tenures


2003The BC Forestry Revitalization Trust (BCFRT) was established by the Province of British Columbia effective March 31, 2003. Its purpose is to provide mitigation to workers and contractors that might be negatively affected by the take back of tenure from major licensees pursuant to the BC Forestry Revitalization Act.

wikipedia article

TFL 39 uses 

Forest Service started 1912 from timeline

1884 Timber Act required licences to harvest timber and imposed a fee based on volume cut.

1887 Land Act amended such that public lands chiefly valuable for timber are not to be disposed of by public or private sale, declaration required that the land is not chiefly valuable for its timber. Timber cutting rights (except for domestic purposes and improvements) prohibited on future Crown grants unless a licence is first obtained requiring payments of 25 cents per M board feet. Lands containing the timber reservation were later referred to as patented lands.

1890 Donkey engines in general use. Orchard, C.D. UBC Special Collections Division papers, folder 2-18 Hand loggers, Tree Farm Licences, major integrated companies